CENTRAL AND WEST AFRICA
Gabon and Cameroon, holidays and elections
Many of the logging and milling operations in CAR, Congo, Gabon and Cameroon
have reduced production as it is the time for staff vacations and because
buying in the main markets of the US, EU and China is quiet, also because of
the holiday season.
On the domestic fron, Gabon will hold its presidential and local elections
towards the end of August and preparations for the election are always
disruptive for businesses. In the CAR there is an upcoming referendum where
the President seeks to extend his term. This has sparked tension and
uncertainty in the country.
Rain returning to some regions
Rain has returned in Cameroon, north Congo and CAR with the onset of the
rain season. This may impact timber operations in these areas and poses
logistical challenges during transportation and harvesting. Meanwhile, Gabon
and south Congo are still experiencing the dry season. However, there are
early indications of changes in weather patterns and the first rains are
expected soon. Typically the rain season lasts from September until
mid-December, followed by a two-month semi-dry period before the return of
heavy rains which run to June.
Road and railways, repairs and challenges
In Cameroon road repairs are underway with special attention given to the
laterite roads that were affected during the rain season. According to
operators in the southern region of Cameroon much of the road network needs
In Central Gabon road maintenance efforts are focused on the section between
Lastourville and Lopé. The aim is to improve this stretch of road but with
the rain season approaching prospects for repair of this section of road are
Congo boasts a well-developed road system, particularly the tarmac roads
that run from the northern to the southern regions of the country.
Additionally, an alternative transportation route is available through river
transport to Brazzaville, followed by train services to Pointe Noire. This
robust infrastructure enhances the movement of goods and people within the
Weaker demand for okoume and ayous in Asian markets
A slowdown in demand in Asia for species such as okoume and redwoods has
become apparent. Importers in the Philippines have reduced imports of okoume
sawnwood by around 30% which is affecting trade across the region. In China,
demand for okoume and ayous is weak while, for other species such as
ovangkol, belli and okan demand remains stable. With falling demand in China
Chinese mills in the region are shifting their focus from okoume to other
species including azobe for markets in Holland and Germany but, with the
holiday period in Europe bring reduced construction activity, demand in the
hydraulic sector has fallen.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on CITES
In February, in collaboration with tropical timber producing countries, the
ATIBT launched an initiative specifically designed to address CITES-related
issues. The main objective of this action is to better inform stakeholders
about the issues linked to species listed in Appendix II of CITES as well as
changes to this Appendix.
In this context, a Frequently Asked Questions page has been created and is
regularly updated. ATIBT is currently assisting several companies with
CITES-related actions, such as export and import permit applications.
Plywood registers strong export performance
According to the first quarter statistical report published by the Timber
Inspection Development Division (TIDD) of the Forestry Commission, plywood
was one of the leading wood products exported from Ghana during the first
three months of 2023, the others being air and kiln dry sawnwood and
In the first quarter 2023 the volume of plywood exported through Ghana’s
seaport for the period recorded a significant increase of 139% against the
2022 figure (1,658 cu,m) for the same period, to reach 3,969 cu.m to become
the highest ever for a quarter.
The data showed a consistent month-on-month volume increase from January
2023 (983 cu.m) through February 2023 (1,382 cu.m) to March 2023 (1,604 cu.m)
which accounted for the 3,969 cu.m exported in the first quarter 2023.
Total export receipts for plywood during the period under consideration
also increased by 1057% to US$1.19 million in 2023 as against US$0.58
million recorded for the same period in 2022.
Species used for plywood manufacture were Eucalyptus (89%), Ceiba (10%) and
Mixed Whiteboard (1%). Egypt (22%), Saudi Arabia (19%), Finland (11%) and
France (11%) were the major market destinations which accounted for over 60%
of total export volumes with thirteen other countries accounting for the
Dutch government support for SMEs
The Netherlands government has made available Eur 500,000 for some 100 Small
and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Ghana to help them expand and sustain
their businesses. Participants from five regions across Ghana (Accra,
Kumasi, Ho, Takoradi and Tamale) benefitted from a six-month intensive
capacity building and mentorship training under the Netherlands Orange
Orange Corners is an initiative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the
Netherlands that provides young entrepreneurs across Africa, Asia and the
Middle East with training, mentorship, networking, funding and facilities to
start and grow their businesses. At a graduation ceremony Jeroen Verheul,
the Netherlands Ambassador to Ghana, explained that the aim is to provide
SMEs with financial resources to scale up their businesses and be resilient
in the face of current business challenges.
The occasion was also to mark the lanuch of the ‘Cohort Eight’ programme
which will provide funding support targeting women and youth led SMEs in
In a related development, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), have
been urged to take advantage of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA)
to scale up their activities and expand into the African markets.
According to the AfCFTA Coordinating office this would enable them have
access to a market of 1.3 billion people across the continent and provide
endless opportunities for the socio-economic growth. It is estimated there
will be and increase in intra-African trade by US$35 billion external
imports could decline by US$10 billion annually.
Bank of Ghana tries to slow inflation
The Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank of Ghana has increased the
monetary policy rate by 0.5% from 29.5% to 30.0% in an attempt to tame
The public reaction to this decision has been one with mixed feelings. The
Ghana National Chamber of Commerce and Industry (GNCCI) and the Ghana Union
of Traders Association (GUTA) have expressed concern that the rise in
interest rate could result in more manufacturing firms folding. Many
industrialists have said they find it difficult to access working capital.
Ghana’s PPI for June 2023 drops
The Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) has reported Producer Price Inflation
for June 2023 at 29.9%. The latest figures indicates slight decrease in the
PPI relative to the rate recorded in May (30.3%).
According to data from the GSS website the PPI in the industrial sector
declined to 31% in June 2023 from 32% in May 2023. While in the services
sector the rate decreased from 181% in May 2023 to 17.6% in June 2023.
Ghana’s first half trade surplus
Ghana recorded a trade surplus of US$1.77 billion in the first half of 2023
which is approximately 2.4% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This figure is
higher than the US$1.47 billion (2.0% of GDP) registered during the same
period last year.
According to the July 2023 Summary of Economic and Financial Data by the
Bank of Ghana (BoG), the country’s total exports as of June 2023 are
estimated at US$8.17 billion while imports stood atUS$6.40 billion.
In related news, the Ghana cedi remained stable in June and July 2023
against the US dollar, possibly linked to the positive impact of the
International Monetary Fund (IMF) programme. According to the BoG data, the
cedi’s Year-To-Date depreciation stood at 28.4% as of July 21, 2023when
compared to 28.5% in March 2023, 27.8% in April 2023, 28.0% in May 2023 and
28.3% in June 2023.
Successful business matching at Wood Expo
The Malaysia External Trade Development Corporation (MATRADE), in
collaboration with the Malaysian Timber Council (MTC), successfully matched
88 Malaysian producers of woodbased products with foreign buyers from 23
countries capturing RM147 million in export orders.
A press release from MTC says these business meetings were held in
conjunction with the Malaysian Wood Expo (MWE) 2023 organised by MTC on 19
June 2023 at the Malaysia International Trade and Exhibition Centre (MITEC).
MWE is considered one of the flagship programmes of the MTC and this year it
concluded on a high note.
MWE’s sales in 2023 reached an impressive RM182.5 million, marking a
significant increase compared to its sales of approximately RM140 million in
2019. With over 3,000 visitors and 124 local and international exhibitors
MWE 2023 sales were largely driven by its ‘Incoming Buying Mission’ (IBM)
which was one of the major highlights of the Expo.
The IBM, which was conducted in collaboration with MATRADE, involved 88
buyers from 23 countries. A total of 773 business meetings took place during
the IBM. The products of interest to these foreign buyers were plywood,
medium density fibreboard (MDF), veneer, wooden doors, wood flooring and
Puan Sharimahton Mat Saleh, MATRADE’s Deputy Chief Executive for Export
Acceleration said, “We are honoured to join forces with MTC as the
collaboration highlights the strength of strategic partnership in
accelerating and boosting exports for Malaysian wood industry players.” She
added, “All Malaysian exporters are urged to leverage MATRADE’s export
initiatives to stay resilient amidst global challenges”.
MTC Chairman Tuan Haji Zainal Abidin Haji Abdullah said, “We are steadfast
in our commitment to nurture the growth of the Malaysian timber industry.
Both MATRADE and MTC will continue to provide valuable platforms and
initiatives for Malaysian companies to expand their export opportunities and
strengthen their global presence.”
Among the top export destinations include the United States, Japan and
China. Malaysian companies who are keen to take part in MATRADE programmes
are encouraged to contact MATRADE via email at firstname.lastname@example.org, visit
MATRADE’s social media channels or go to www.matrade.gov.my for more
Planting non-timber species
The Sarawak Forest Department issued a Circular addressed to all holders of
licences for planted forests.
It has been reported that the circular says, pursuant to the Revised Policy
Direction on Industrial Forest Plantation in Sarawak wherein the Minister of
Natural Resources and Urban Development agreed and approved a proposal to
encourage inter-planting of non-timber species such as bamboo, rattan,
pharmaceutical or medicinal species, etc. as one of the mechanisms to
achieve one million hectares of planted forests by 2025.
Now any holder of a licence for Planted Forests who intends to carry out
such planting of non-timber species shall obtain a written permission from
the Director of Forests by submitting a written application together with
the proposed amendment to the Tree Planting Plan (TPP).
First half exports signal
Exports of forest and wood products reached US$6.7 billion in the first half
of 2023, however, this was below the level of the US$7.03 billion earned in
the first half of 2022. Despite the year on year decline the performance,
when set against the current international demand, suggests the sectors are
recovering from the impact of the pandemic.
Based on data from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) processed
by the Indonesian Forestry Community Communication Forum (FKMPI),
Indonesia's exports of wood products in the first half of 2023 are still
dominated by paper, pulp and plywood. Paper products recorded an export
value of US$2.24 billion, pulp US$1.86 billion and wood panels US$1.23
Plywood is still one of the top three contributors to timber exports but in
terms of value it has experienced a sharp decline. The value of plywood
exports in the first half of 2023 decreased by 26% year on year.
Exports of other wood products in the first half of 2023, which also
experienced a sharp decline, were furniture with an export value of US$748.8
million, a decrease of 32% year on year and builders’woodworking exports
with an export value of US$428.9 million, a decrease of 19% year on year.
The decline in the export earnings can be explained by the sluggishness in
the North American and the EU markets.
The export value of wood products to North America in the first half of 2023
was valued at US$925.9 million, down 36% year on year. Exports to the EU
were recorded at US$572.4 million, down 13% year on year. Meanwhile, the
Asian market is still showing growth due to demand from China. Exports of
Indonesian wood products in the first half of 2023 to the Asian region
reached US$4.6 billion, up 6% year on year.
Furniture exports weaker in second quarter
The domestic furniture industry is still under pressure as export demand is
weak with the value of orders in the first half being only half of that
compared to the same period in 2022. Abdul Sobur, the Chairperson of the
Indonesia Furniture Industry and Craft Association (HIMKI), said that the
export performance of the furniture industry has not yet shown normal
Based on HIMKI records, Abdul said the average value of requests from
international buyers is only around 30-50% of pre-pandemic levels however he
forecasts a 6 to 8% year on year rise in the value of furniture exports to
be reported for the quarter of 2023.
Exports to Japan become easier
The Ministry of Trade released a new regulation that makes it easier to
exports to Japan, the Electronic Certificate of Origin (CoO). The Ministery
of Trade Regulation was issued based on recommendations from IJEPA, the
Indonesian-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement.
The Ministry of Trade Regulation was issued as a joint commitment between
Indonesia and Japan for the implementation of the IJEPA Electronic CoO.m.
Indonesia is optimistic that the good relations between the two countries
can be improved, especially with the IJEPA bilateral agreement to strengthen
mutual economic relations amid the current global economic situation
according to Zulkifli Hasan, the Minister of Trade.
The Director of Export and Import Facilitation, Bambang Jaka Setiawan, said
Indonesian business players who export to Japan must understand the rules of
origin when preparing a CoO. According to Bambang, the implementation of the
trade agreement will enable Indonesia to benefit from preferential tariffs
and reduce transaction costs.
Can the IEU-CEPA negotiations be completed?
The Indonesian President recently discussed the Indonesia-European Union
Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement or IEU-CEPA and reflected on
the risk that negotiations will continue.
From the Indonesian perspective there are five strategic issues that need to
be resolved as soon as possible in order for the negotiations to be
completed by the end of 2023.
The Coordinating Minister for the Economy, Airlangga Hartarto, said these
are related to:
Transparency in government spending or purchases
Special assignments for state-owned enterprises
Indonesia's demand for greater market access
the settlement of investment disputes
Potential of rattan in Central Kalimantan not grasped
The potential of rattan in Central Kalimantan is being examined. Out of a
potential harvest of 10,000 tonnes per month only 1,000 tonnes are utilised
by furniture manufacturers. The ban on rattan exports remains an issue for
the sector according to Teten, the Vice Governor of Central Kalimantan. He
has called for the removal of the ban at least for semi-finished products.
According to Teten, rattan from Central Kalimantan is mainly used by
furniture makers in Cirebon, West Java as well as entrepreneurs in Central
Java and East Java but volumes are small compared to the potential.
Wood chip factory for Bangka
A wood chip plant is being built in Bangka Belitung Islands Province. The
plant aims to meet the needs for coal-mixed biomass or co-firing steam power
plants in the Province. In addition to the wood chip plant there are plans
for production of wood pellets. It is planned that the wood pellets be
exported to a number of countries such as Japan, South Korea and China.
EU imposes seventh round of sanctions
A press release from the EC says the Council imposed a seventh round of
restrictive measures in view of the situation in Myanmar against six
individuals and one entity in response to the continuing escalation of
violence, grave human rights violations and threats to the peace, security
and stability in Myanmar/Burma.
The listings includes three Union Ministers, for Immigration and Population,
Labour and Health and Sports, two members of the State Administration
Council (SAC), the Quartermaster General, as well as No. 2 Mining Enterprise
(ME 2), a state-owned enterprise that is controlled by and generates revenue
for the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw).
Restrictive measures currently apply to a total of 99 individuals and 19
entities. Those designated are subject to an asset freeze and a travel ban
which prevents them from entering or transiting through EU territory.
In addition, EU persons and entities are prohibited from make funds
available to those listed. Other EU restrictive measures remain in place:
Banking a challenge for MTE
The State-owned Myanma Timber Enterprise (MTE) is struggling to continue in
business and has reportedly discussed opening a bank account at the
state-owned Myanmar Economic Bank (MEB) as there are sanctions on the Myanma
Foreign Trade Bank (MFTB) and Myanma Investment and Commercial Bank (MICB)
previously used by the MTE and Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise (MOGE).
Encouraging citizens to work overseas
The government is encouraging its citizens to find jobs overseas viewing
remittances from workers abroad as an important source of foreign currency
as the country has lost much of its foreign investment and international
Many young people in Myanmar are seeking jobs overseas. The government has
introduced rules favoring cash remittances from expatriate workers.
Myanmar's central bank has fixed the official exchange rate for its currency
but at the end of August 2022, it issued a notice saying remittances from
expats were exempt. Workers abroad can send money home at close to the
market rate which is around 2,850 kyat to the dollar versus the official
rate of 2,100 kyat per dollar.
Myanmar further tightens foreign trade regulations
The authorities have introduced more restrictions on imports and exports as
well as controls on the flow of foreign currency. The Ministry of Commerce
issued a Directive on 28 June requiring border trade exporters to deposit up
to 35% of the value of their commoditieswith the Trade Department.
The deposits can be made in four currencies: Myanmar kyat, US dollars, Thai
baht or Chinese yuan, with exchange rates based on the market rates at the
The Directive said ernings from exports must be remitted into bank accounts
within seven working days of export declarations being issued, a period
reduced from what used to be three months. However, just over a week from
issuing the Directive this requirement was relaxed to 15 working days.
consumers are spending
Consumer confidence in India has surpassed pre-COVID levels as renewed
spending on travel and high-value purchases drives corporate earnings to new
heights. The Reserve Bank of India's bi-monthly survey revealed that the
consumer confidence index reached 88.5 in May, exceeding the high reading in
March 2020 of 85.6.
Wood product prices tilt higher
The annual rate of inflation based on the all India Wholesale Price Index (WPI)
in June was minus 4.12% compared to minus 3.48% recorded in May 2023. The
decline in the rate of inflation in June, 2023 is primarily due to fall in
prices of mineral oils, food products, basic metals, crude petroleum and
natural gas and textiles.
Out of the 22 NIC two-digit groups for manufactured products, 11 groups saw
a decrease in prices while 9 groups saw price increases. Some of the groups
that saw an increase in prices were tobacco products; computers, electronic
and optical products; leather and related products; motor vehicles; trailers
and semi-trailers and products of wood and cork.
Plywood output back to pre-covid levels
The output of plywood mills in Perumbavoor, Kerala State especially Aluva,
Kalady and Muvattupuzha have returned to near normal after the serious
downturn triggered by demonetisation and the two years of Covid restrictions
and depressed demand.Manufacturers say they are now facing a shortage of
wood raw material which is partly due to the rain season. So far this year
India’s erratic weather patterns have made headlines with non-seasonal
rainfall in March-April followed by intense heat waves in May.
The industry urged the government to encourage planting of softwood to
enable the sector to have sufficient raw materials. The plywood sector is
important in terms of employment and contributions to the State’s economy.
Sources said the plywood industry in Perumbavoor directly employs around
50,000 people most of who are from other States.
Wood and wood product (W&WP) trade highlights
According to the General Department of Customs in June 2023 W&WP exports
were valued at US$1.1 billion, up 3.7% compared to May 2023 but down 23%
compared to June 2022.
The WP export alone, contributed US$750.7 million, down 1.3% compared to May
2023 and down 21% compared to June 2022.
In the first 6 months of 2023 the value of W&WP exports totalled US$ 6.1
billion, down 28% over the same period in 2022. In which WP exports reached
US$4.1 billion, down 32% over the same period in 2022.
The W&WP exports to the Canadian market in June 2023 stood at US$15.7
million, down 28% compared to June 2022. In the first 6 months of 2023
exports of W&WP to the Canadian market were valued at US$75.8 million, down
32% over the same period in 2022.
Vietnam's office furniture exports in June 2023 generated US$22.9 million,
down 31% compared to June 2022. In the first 6 months of 2023 office
furniture exports were reported at US$122.1 million, down 36% over the same
period in 2022.
In June 2023 W&WP imports into Vietnam were worth US$190.5 million, down 12%
compared to May 2023 and down 37% compared to June 2022. In the first 6
months of 2023 imports of W&WP totalled US$1.04 billion, down 34% over the
same period in 2022.
Vietnam’s imports of wood raw material from China in June 2023 were 48,000
cu.m, worth US$23.0 million, up 6% in volume and 6% in value compared to May
2023 but down 32% in volume and 48% in value compared to June 2022.
In general, over the first half of 2023, imports of wood raw material from
China reached 251,500 cu.m, worth US$120.96 million, down 37% in volume and
45% in value over the same period in 2022.
Vietnam's W&WP exports to the South Korea in June 2023 amounted to US$55.1
million, down 42% compared to June 2022. In the first 6 months of 2023
exports of W&WP to South Korea were reported at US$380.4 million, down 30%
over the same period in 2022.
In June 2023 bedroom furniture exports reached US$102.5 million, down 51%
compared to June 2022. In the first 6 months of 2023 bedroom furniture
exports reached US$684.4 million, down 47% compared to the same period in
Vietnam's oak imports in June 2023 were 35,800 cu.m, worth US$19.7 million,
up 6% in volume and 5% in value compared to May 2023. Compared to June 2022
imports increased by 12% in volume but decreased by 11% in value.
In the first 6 months of 2023 oak imports reached 140,200 cu.m, worth
US$78.5 million, up 6% in volume and down 8% in value over the same period
Imports of wood raw material from the EU to Vietnam in June 2023 are
estimated at 66,000 cu.m, worth US$21.0 million, down 11% in volume and 8%
in value compared to May 2023.
The total wood raw material imported from the EU in the first half of 2023
amounted to 330,710 cu.m, worth US$102.03 million, down 17% in volume and
22% in value over the same period in 2022.
Tali wood import situation
According to statistics provided by Customs, Vietnam's imports of tali wood
in June 2023 amounted to 59,000 cu.m, worth US$26.6 million, up 5% in volume
and 5% in value compared to May 2023. Compared to June 2022, import
sincreased by 109% in volume and 120% in value.
In the first 6 months of 2023, tali wood imports reached 257,000 cu.m, worth
US$110.4 million, up 0.2% in volume and 4% in value over the same period in
Imports of tali logs and sawnwood
In the first 5 months of 2023 imports of tali logs were at 99,900 cu.m,
worth US$37.5 million, down 28% in volume and 29% in value over the same
period in 2022.
Imports of tali sawnwood were 98,000 cu.m, worth US$46.4 million, up 10% in
volume and 13% in value over the same period in 2022.
Fluctuation of tali wood price
The price of tali imported in the first 5 months of 2023 averaged at
US$423.7/cu.m, up 3% over the same period in 2022. The average price of tali
imported from Cameroon increased by 4% over the same period in 2022, up to
US$428.2/cu.m; from Congo prices rose 5% to US$472.9/cu.m; from Gabon prices
rose by 1.3% to US$369.0/cu.m.
In contrast, tali (equivalent) imports from Laos decreased by 2% over the
same period in 2022 to US$730.6/cu.m; from Nigeria prices dropped by 11%, to
Tali (and subsitutes) wood suppliers
Vietnam's tali wood imports from Cameroon, the top supplier, contributed
74.5% of Vietnam’s total tali imports in the first 5 months of 2023 reaching
147,400 cu.m, worth US$63.1 million, up 5% in volume and 9% in value over
the same period in 2022.
In the first 5 months of 2023, tali imports from Congo, Gabon, Nigeria,
Laos, Hong Kong, China dropped against the same period in 2022, while the
imports from Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana increased.
In particular, tali wood imports from Congo decreased by 17% in volume and
12% in value over the same period in 2022, reaching 17,850 cu.m, worth
US$8.44 million and accounted for 9% of total tali imports.
Tali wood imports from some other markets decreased year-on-year: from
Nigeria down by 46%; Laos by 31%; Hong Kong by 45%.
In contrast, imports of this wood from the Cameroon reached 147,370 cu.m,
worth US$63.1 million, up 5% in volume and 9% in value over the same period
in 2022 and accounting for 75% of total imports of tali in the first 5
months of this year.
The imports of tali from other suppliers increased against the same period
in 2022, such as from Equatorial Guinea increased by 53%; from Ghana by 34%;
from Colombia by 30%.
Sector wide quality
programme for plasticised plywood
Plasticised plywood formboard is widely used in the construction sector and
now benefits from the Plasticised Plywood Certification Programme (PSQ), led
by the Brazilian Association for Mechanically Processed Timber (ABIMCI) in
partnership with the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (ABNT) and
the Institute of Technology in Wood and Furniture. This programme aims to
ensure the quality and performance of plasticised plywood for concrete
formwork following the technical standard ABNT NBR 17001.
According to ABIMCI the initiative has already obtained the approval of the
main companies that manufacture the product providing a seal of the
Certification Programme for high quality products which now meet the
performance requirements required by the new technical standard. Company
Quality Management Systems are periodically audited and products regularly
tested in an independent laboratory.
ABIMÓVEL joins the National Council for Industrial Development
Representatives of ABIMÓVEL, the Brazilian Furniture Industries Association,
recently met with the Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade (MDIC)
to discuss proposals for the development of the furniture sector and the
The main topics addressed were the payroll exemption tax reform
(establishment of a less onerous system, which encourages investments and
competitiveness in the country), the inclusion of furniture in the "Minha
Casa, Minha Vida" Programme (inclusion of furniture in the financing of the
Federal government's housing programme), trade agreements (mainly, approval
of the Mercosur-European Union Agreement to increase exports and increased
participation of the Brazilian industry and industrial policy.
ABIMÓVEL seeks financial relief and a better business environment for
companies in the furniture sector so as to boost production, innovation and
job and income generation. The furniture sector is the the eighth largest
employer in Brazil.
In addition, it was announced that ABIMÓVEL will be part of the National
Council for Industrial Development (CNDI) which represents a significant
achievement for the Brazilian furniture industry. The country's furniture
industry is one of the largest in the world and composed of thousands of
companies, mostly micro and small-sized entities which face challenges to
expand their performance and productivity. The development of new industrial
policies could be a measure to address these issues.
In June 2023 Brazilian exports of wood-based products (except pulp and
paper) decreased 39% in value compared to June 2022, from US$481.0 million
to US$292.0 million.
Pine sawnwood exports decreased 23% in value between June 2022 (US$75.7
million) and June 2023 (US$58.6 million). In volume, exports decreased 5%
over the same period, from 264,800 cu.m to 251,000 cu.m.
Tropical sawnwood exports decreased 49% in volume, from 56,200 cu.m in June
2022 to 28,800 cu.m in June 2023. In value, exports decreased 47% from
US$26.9 million to US$14.4 million, over the same period.
Pine plywood exports faced an almost 50% decrease in value in June 2023
compared to June 2022, from US$96.9 million to US$48.7 million. In volume,
exports decreased 33% over the same period, from 221,900 cu.m to 148,300
As for tropical plywood, exports decreased in volume 49% and in value by
47%, from 5,500 cu.m and US$3.5 million in June 2022 to 2,900 cu.m and
US$1.8 million in June 2023.
As for wooden furniture the exported value dropped from US$59.3 million in
June 2022 to US$45.5 million in June 2023, a 23% fall in the total exports
of the product during the period.
Amazon countries discuss sustainable development projects
The Ministry of Planning and Budget, together with the Inter-American
Development Bank (IDB), led a meeting with ministers from the six Amazonian
countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Suriname) to discuss
the "Amazonia Forever" programme.
The aim of the programme is to boost the sustainable development of the
region while preserving the forest and involving the local population. At
the meeting a joint declaration was signed expressing support for the
programme and emphasising the need for expanded and innovative financing,
knowledge sharing and economic coordination among the Amazonian countries.
The IDB's "Amazonia Forever" programme has received endorsement with
projects already identified worth US$1 billion for the region.
The IDB underlined the importance of coordination among the countries to
address climate challenges in the Amazon. The "Amazonia Forever" programme
seeks to promote sustainability in the region and is organised on three
fronts: mapping existing resources to facilitate new financing, designing
and facilitating new projects and creating a network of finance and planning
ministers to oversee the results.
The initiative seeks to combine environmental preservation with sustainable
development and livelihood alternatives for local populations in the Amazon.
Mercosur/EU trade agreement and the EUDR
The potential negative impact of the European Union Deforestation-Free
Regulation (EUDR) scheduled to go into effect in December 2024) on Brazilian
products were recently discussed at a joint meeting of the Agriculture and
Industry and trade committees of the Chamber of Deputies.
The Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade said the measure is
unilateral and will impact almost 35% of the products Brazil exported to the
The government representatives also pointed out negative effects of this
regulation in negotiation of a trade agreement between Mercosur and the EU.
The EUDR applies to timber, palm oil, rubber and derivatives among other
products. Among the penalties are suspension of imports, seizure or
destruction of products and a fine of up to 4% of the operator's annual
turnover. The EUDR considers “forest” any area with 10% tree cover.
The Director of the Department of Deforestation and Forest Fire Control
Policies in the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change pointed out that
the EUDR encompasses all areas of Brazilian biomes not just the Amazon and
the Atlantic Forest.
According to him the majority of Brazilian producers meet all the
requirements of EUDR but the problem is proving that. Failure to prove that
can cause losses which would be especially damaging to small and
medium-sized producers without access to high-cost private certification. He
suggested the Brazilian government should discuss the transition rules with
Brazil already has the Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of
Deforestation in the Legal Amazon (PPCDAM) and product traceability systems
that are beginning to be implemented in some states which are achieving
results in curbing deforestation.
The joint meeting also included participation of representatives of the
National Confederation of Industry (CNI) and Agriculture (CNA) which
emphasised the risk of negative effects of trade restrictions on Brazil.
CITES action plan – no
disruption of shihuahuaco and tahuarí trade
The National Forestry and Wildlife Service (SERFOR) has announced an "Action
Plan” to ensure the correct implementation of the inclusion of Shihuahuaco
(genus Dipteryx) and Tahuarí (genus Handroanthus) in Appendix II of CITES.
The plan aims to define the technical and regulatory conditions so that from
November 2024 the international trade in products from these species is
The SERFOR plan was presented to three Departments, Madre de Dios, Loreto
and Ucayali to the regional governments as well as to holders of qualifying
titles, forest producers, manufacturers, universities and other
stakeholders. 116 management plans were evaluated through which it was
determined that are 18,253 cu.m of shihuahuaco and 1,665 cu.m tahuari
This information will allow SERFOR to propose various actions so that, as of
November 2024, the measure adopted by CITES do not negatively affect the
country's timber industry.
Non- cash fine mechanism to encourage behavioral change in forest users
The Agency for the Supervision of Forest Resources and Wildlife (OSINFOR)
held a workshop in June to explain how holders of enabling titles for forest
permits in native and peasant communities in Loreto can access the Fines
Compensation Mechanisms for violations of the Forest and Wildlife Law.
During the workshop information was provided on the role of compensation for
fines as a measure to encourage behavioral change in forest users and as a
key strategy to promote sustainable use of resources.
The Fine Compensation Mechanism approved by the National Forestry and
Wildlife Service (SERFOR), contemplates five ways that allow forest users to
off-set fines through conservation and/or recovery actions of degraded
areas, control and surveillance, participation in training and support in
Strengthening capacities to address forest crimes
Holders of titles in native communities in Ucayali reinforced their
capacities to detect and prevent environmental crimes during a workshop
organised by the Agency for the Supervision of Forest Resources and Wildlife
Workshop attendees were trained in the identification and prevention of
forest crimes as well as in the correct registration of operations related
to enabling titles.
Workshop participants also received detailed information on the most common
illegal behaviors that affect forest resources and wildlife as well as the
prevention and control measures that must be implemented to combat these
The participants learned the importance of keeping detailed and accurate
records of all the operations related to their enabling titles using the
Book of Operations for Enabling Titles.