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China Wood Products
Exchange Rates of 8th March.2004
Wood Flooring Industry
wood flooring market started to grow in the 1980s. With the rapid economic
development in the country and the continuous improvement in living
standards, especially over the past ten years, demand grew and the
flooring producers developed new products for the housing sector.
the flooring sector has become a major industry with an annual production
of more than 200 million square metres and annual sales of about yuan 30
billion. The growth of the sector has averaged between 20-30% annually and
is now an important sector of the national economy. According to estimate
from L¨¹ Bin, secretary-general of the Flooring Committee in the China
Forest Products Industry Association, growth in the flooring industry will
be around 20% annually for the medium term.
present, wood flooring produced in China is divided into 5 categories;
solid floors, impregnated paper laminated floors, solid composite floors,
bamboo floors and softwood floors. Solid floors and impregnated paper
laminated floors have become the dominant products in the market.
to recent statistics, China has 4000 enterprises producing solid flooring
(total annual output exceeds 70 million square metres) located mainly in
Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Guangdong, Yunnan, Beijing and some provinces
in the northeast China. Some 90% of the materials used are from imported
timbers and now some of the production is being exported. Bamboo flooring is perhaps the latest product to gain a good
foothold in international markets.
paper laminated floors fall into 2 categories because of 2 different base
materials, namely middle and high density fiberboard or particleboard. Now
China has more than 500 large scale enterprises producing impregnated
paper laminated floors (total annual output is 120 million square metres)
mainly in Jiangsu, Shanghai, Guangdong, Fujiang, Hu'nan, Hubei, Sichuan,
Beijing and Liaoning.
impregnated paper laminated flooring was entirely imported up to the
middle of the 1990s. However impregnated paper laminated floors made in
China have increased and, currently, 90% of the impregnated paper
laminated floors in the market are of national brands, some are even
exported now. Impregnated paper laminated floors have become more and more
popular in the big cities and there is a growing market in the smaller and
composite floors are generally divided into 2 categories, three-layer
solid composite floors and multi-layer solid composite floors. At present,
China has some 100 enterprises producing solid composite floors (total
annual output is about 22 million square metres) mainly in northeastern
China, Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong, Guangdong, Yun'nan, Zhejiang and
of the enterprises producing solid composite floors have introduced
advanced production equipment from German, Finland, Italy and Japan with a
high level of automation. The output from these plants is exported.
Three-layer solid composite floors go mainly to Europe and the U.S.;
multi-layer floors go to Japan, South Korea and Northeast Asia. Solid
composite floors having been finding a place in the domestic market over
the past two years.
floors generally include solid bamboo floors and bamboo and wood composite
floors. Local analyst say that China has around 100 medium to large
enterprises producing bamboo flooring (total annual output is 4 million
square metres) mainly in Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hu'nan, Guizhou, Fujian, Anhui
and Liaoning. The bamboo products from Taiwan Province of China enjoy an
increasing market acceptance in recent years.
are a few enterprises producing softwood flooring but, so far, this is not
a major industry in China. These production plants are scattered mainly in
the northeast China and Shanxi as the raw materials are generally
to the healthy market demand for wood flooring the sector is facing some
problems as more enterprises are jumping in without understanding the
market and the production issues. The number of enterprises has increased
significantly in recent years.
wood flooring industry has a bright future and in order to further improve
its healthy development and meet the new demands, L¨¹ Bin says that
China's wood flooring industry should develop on four fronts, namely:
product and production standardization, management standardization,
product diversification and after sales service.
future timber production base
implementation of the Natural Forest Protection Program in 1998, domestic
timber output fell and a large gap developed between timber supply and
demand and this drove up imports. The authorities in China are well aware
of the international pressure on producing countries to reduce log
harvests and to limit log exports and are moving fast to develop its
domestic resource base to meet the demand for timber. The rapid
development of the Guangxi commercial plantations is a good example of how
this goal could be achieved.
in the sub-tropical humid monsoon climate region, Guangxi has a good
climate for plantations and, at the same time people there have experience
in selected seed cultivation and planting techniques. Guangxi province has
always regarded forestry as a major provincial industry; it has taken the
development of fast-growing and high-yielding plantations to new
technological highs and has undertaken a favorable measure in terms of
policies and funds to encourage plantations.
plantation area in Guangxi have increased at an annual rate of around 2
million mu (15 mu is equal to 1 hectare) and now the province has about 14
million mu of fast-growing and high-yielding plantation with an estimated
stocking volume of 70 million cubic metres.
to local analysis, Guangxi will not only meet the demand for timber in
local areas but will also be able to sell timber to other provinces.
This will certainly be the case if Guangxi achieves the goal of
planting 10 million mu of fast-growing and high-yielding plantation during
the "Tenth Five Plan" period (2001-2005).
aim of the forestry development strategy put forward recent in Guangxi is
to have a forest cover of more than 46% and to achieve an production value
of around yuan 50 billion by 2010. The
long range forecasts are for more than a 50% forest cover and output value
of more than yuan 100 billion by 2020 and this will increase to more than
55% forest cover by 2050.
Building Huge Furniture Park
agreement for the construction of a furniture export development park
worth US$110 million was signed at the end of last year in Wu Hou district
of Chengdu City. China and the US will jointly fund the new industrial
park. Both domestic and overseas furniture enterprises will be invited to
take up space in the park. The project will occupy 2000 mu of land areas,
beginning in 2004 and completing in 2006.
Production Centres Emerge
furniture production centres have emerged in China. They are: the South
China furniture centre focussed on Guangzhou, Dongguan, Shenzhen, Zhoushan
East China furniture area mainly in Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang;
Northeast China furniture areas in Shenyang and Dalian; and the North
China furniture industrial areas centred on Beijing, Tianjin and Tangshan.
2002 the export value of furniture from the Yangtse River Delta region
(centered around Shanghai) reached US$900 million, and accounted for 22.4%
of the national total, a year on year increase of 47% and the fastest grow
in the country. The export value of furniture in the Pearl River Delta
region (centered around Guangzhou) came to US$2.74 billion, making up 51%
of the national total, a year on year increase of 38%.
Group of Hong Kong invests
investment by the Lian Fa Group of Hong Kong is reportedly the biggest
wood processing investment
project in China at present. The new plant has a 7600 square metre working
area and has automated production lines. The wood raw materials are mainly
timbers from Russia. The production capacity is said to be 400,000 cubic
metres of wood-based mainly for exports and the mills will process some
2.2 million cubic metres of logs.
information from a meeting of 2004 China Forest Inventory Committee held
in Hefei (capital of Anhui Province) in mid February work on the seventh
forest resource inventory will start this year and will be completed by
the end of 2008.
investigates its forest resources province by province every 5 years and
the results are important for developing and adjusting forest policies,
programmes and planning, monitoring reductions and growth of forest
resources. China has carried out 6 national forest inventories since the
City Imported Timber Market
Furen Wholesale Market
Shijiangzhuang Wholesale Market
Xuzhou Wholesale Market
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